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Corydoras adolfoi  Burgess, 1982                           


ur first foray into the year 2003 brings me back to the Callichthyidae family again and a factsheet request for a relatively new Cory, in scientific terms anyway, of Adolfo's Cory, Corydoras adolfoi which was named after the Brazilian exporter Adolfo Schwartz.

Corydoras adolfoi

This Corydoras was one of the first of the fleshy coloured, black banded/striped species with the gold markings to be collected in the tributaries of the upper Rio Negro in Brazil, alongside such species as Corydoras burgessi, C. davidsandsi and Corydoras imitator which was collected at the same time and is basically the long nosed variety of our factsheet of the month subject and also the very similar C. duplicareus which has a broader black band on the body and also a different structure to the pectoral fin spines. There has also been collections made over the border in Venezuela.

It was first discovered by Dr. Herbert R. Axelrod in the first tributary north of the village of São Gabriel da Cachoeira known locally as the 'Miua' and is the type locality in the original account of the collecting of Corydoras adolfoi. It was first imported into the United States in the same year of its discovery in 1982 and then into Europe the following year


Corydoras adolfoi

Corydoras duplicareus

Above pictures showing Corydoras adofoi on left and Corydoras duplicareus on the right.


This Cory along with the vast majority of the Genus do better in a shoal of at least 6 as they are quite a timid species and will feel more secure in numbers. You will also have a better chance of also spawning this species They are not one of the easiest Corydoras to breed and a lot of work and patience is called for. (see below in the breeding section).


Corydoras imitator
Corydoras burgessi

 Left picture showing a pair of the very similar Corydoras imitator (longer snout) and Corydoras burgessi

 


Characteristics
Shape of head; short and compact with the body a typical Corydoras shape.

Colour
Light silver-grey with a black band running over the top half of body and slightly into the base of the dorsal fin. Black band running over the eyes. An orange/yellow marking over the supraocipical. All fins are clear.

Compatibility
A tank setup would entail a soft substrate such as sand or a small gravel and a nice plant covering around the back and sides of the aquarium. If housed in a community tank a mixture of small South American characins or the smaller varieties of Asian Rasboras would suffice, as larger fishes would intimidate these shy Cory's, and would stop them eating and would be therefore detrimental to their overall health.

Breeding
As per standard Corydoras breeding structures. Set them up with preferably more males than females ( a ratio of 2:1 is good ) in a 18" x 12" x 12" tank with either fine gravel or sand with either sponge filter or a corner filter box with a good current. Install some java moss or wool mops, this gives the females a choice of where to place their eggs but you will probably find that they will mostly lay them on the glass anyway.

A temperature in the mid-seventies is good with a p.H around about the neutral (7) mark. Feed a diet of frozen or live food such as bloodworm, whiteworm (sparingly because of the fat content) grindleworm, daphnia and a good quality flake or tablet food.

Make a 50% water change, when you notice the female(s) have fattened up, with water that is cooler so as to bring the temperature down. A good idea is to also add a small internal filter to push the water around the aquarium which will also oxygenate it.

If successful you can either take the adults out and leave the eggs in the main tank or reverse it and take the eggs out by rolling them of the tank sides with your fingers into a small hatching tank, you can then decide to add a anti-fungus remedy or to leave alone. If you make the wrong choice and the eggs fungus you will get another chance as once Corydoras start to breed the first time they will carry on using the afore-mentioned process.

It has been stated that the fry of Corydoras adolfoi are a bit harder to raise than the norm as they are difficult to start feeding and a trick used by some breeders is to mix them with fry from other Corydoras species so they can follow the other fry when they are feeding and so get a start to show how to start eating.


Feeding
A good quality flake food and tablet food for adults with sparodic feedings of frozen or live food will keep your Corydoras in good health.
Feeding the fry after they use up their yolk-sac with brine shrimp naupli, microworm and fry flake food.


Etymology
Corydoras: Cory = helmeted; doras = leathery skin,(helmeted Doras) cuirass.
adolfoi: Named in honour of Adolfo Schwartz.


References
Fuller, Ian A.M., Breeding Corydoradine Catfishes

Relevant Article(s)
Breeding Corydoras adolfoi
Breeding Corydoras burgessi, Axelrod 1987 

Breeding Corydoras davidsandsi ,Black 1987
Spawning of the "Broad Banded" Corydoras Adolfoi 


Factsheet Request
Robin Lynn

Photo Credits
1. Sandy Milne   
2. Sandy Milne

3. Adrian Payne
4. Allan James @ ScotCat
5. Dennis Barrett
Factsheet 079

Synonyms:
None
Common Name:
Adolfo's Corydoras
Family:
Callichthyidae
Subfamily:
Corydoradinae
Distribution:
 Brazil Brazil : small tributary of the upper Rio Negro near the village of São Gabriel da Cachoeira.(see location map)
Size: 
6cm. (2½ins)
Temp:
23-27°c (73-81°f.)
pH.:
6.5 - 7.2
Donation:
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                                                                                                                                                   Factsheet 79= updated January 16, 2005, © ScotCat 1997-2014   Go to Top