Strong venomous dorsal and pectoral spines provide
protection for the fish. Dorsal spines (total): 1;
Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal soft rays: 16 -
30. Head shield somewhat rugose; deep and long median
fontanelle groove. Habitat: Occurs
in inshore waters and estuaries. Occasionally form
schools. Caught mainly with set bag nets and bamboo
stake traps. Air bladders are exported as isinglass
used by the wine industry. Diet:
Feeds on invertebrates and small fishes.
and southeast Asia:
Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines and China.
Type locality: China, Japan.
50.0cm. SL (20ins)
Froese, R. and D. Pauly.
Editors. 2009. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic
publication. www.fishbase.org, version (10/2009). Marceniuk, Alexandre
P.; Menezes, Naércio A.
(2007). "Systematics of the family Ariidae (Ostariophysi,
Siluriformes), with a redefinition of the genera"
Zootaxa 1416: 1–126.