Body very robust; head shield with ridges, but without
granules; lips absent except at corner of mouth; only
two pairs of barbels; top barbel broad, ribbon-like,
reaching as far as pelvic fins; palate teeth in four
patches, but fused to form narrow, continuous band;
gill rakers on first arch 5-7 + 12-14; none on posterior
face of first arch dorsal rays I, 7, dorsal spine
without filament; anal rays 25-30; pectoral rays I,
12-13, pectoral spine with long flattened filament
reaching origin of anal fin. The Chilhuil sea catfish
(Bagre panamensis), is a species of sea catfish
in the family Ariidae. It was described by Theodore
Gill in 1863, originally under the genus Aelurichthys.
Habitat: It inhabits subtropical
marine and brackish waters in the eastern Pacific
region, including California, USA; Colombia, Guatemala,
Peru, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras,
Nicaragua, Panama and Mexico. It dwells at a depth
range of 3 to 177 m (9.8 to 580.7 ft), most often
between 10 to 60 m (33 to 197 ft) and reaches a maximum
total length of 51 cm (20 in). Remarks:
Found inshore, usually on muddy bottoms. Enters estuaries.
Spine in front of the dorsal and pectoral fins is
venomous and can cause a painful wound.
coast of Americas: From off Santa Ana River
in southern California, USA, to Peru. Only rarely
found north of southern Baja California.
Cooke, R., Acero, A.,
Betancur, R., Rojas, P., Cotto, A. 2010.
Bagre panamensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened
D. R. Robertson and Gerald R Allen. 2015.
Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific: online
information system. Version 2.0 Smithsonian Tropical
Research Institute, Balboa, Panamá.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann,
1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North
America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company.
xii+336 p. Fishes
of the East Pacific.
Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016).
"Bagre panamensis" in FishBase. April 2016
version. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2019. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, ( 12/2019 ) www.inaturalist.org