Alfredo Carvalho Filho
(1) Silksworth Aquatics (1) Donald
Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total):
6; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 20 - 25. Body is
thick compared to that of Auchenipterus.
Snout is very rounded, with a recessed lower jaw.
The moderately large eyes are lateral in position.
The zigzag lateral line is complete. The branchiospines
are short and numerous. The caudal fin has 17 spines.
Habitat: Found over muddy bottoms
in brackish river mouths. Probably prefers large rivers
and slightly brackish waters. Occurs in very thick
schools over muddy bottoms. Diet:
Omnivorous, with a tendency towards detritivorous
feeding. Searches for food in the zones of the village
waste waters. Reproduction: During
reproduction, towards the month of December, the ventral
fins and the mandible turn pink.
South America:Lower reaches of rivers and into estuaries
from Venezuela and southern Trinidad to Brazil, south
at least to Bahia.
Ferraris, C.J. Jr.,
2003. Auchenipteridae (Driftwood catfishes). p. 470-482.
In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr.
(eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South
and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist
of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes),
and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa
1418:1-628. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2016.FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, ( 01/2016 ).