was described by Carl Eigenmann in 1918, from the
Patia River, along the southern Pacific Coast of Colombia.
Aquarium Care: Will need a good water flow
in the aquarium with a sand substrate and plenty of
hiding places. Diet: Great algae
eater, but you will have to subsidise this food with
algae wafers and vegetable foods such as cucumber,
zucchini and lettuce. Will also except tablet and
worm foods. Sexual Differences: Males
have better colour, a broader head and lips and adult
males possess longer ventral fins than the females.
Etymology: The species name 'leucomelas'
means 'black and white' and refers to bands that should
be present in all the fins except the anal fin.
The Chaetostoma species are not the easiest
to maintain as the mountain stream species will need
a water current to provide oxygen-rich water.
South America:Patia and upper Cauca River basins, Colombia
. Type locality: Rio Patia, halfway
between the Rios Magui and Telembi [Colombia].
2003. Loricariidae-Ancistrinae (Armored catfishes).
p. 373-400. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J.
Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes
of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS,
Brasil. Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist
of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes),
and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa
1418:1-628. Froese, R. and D. Pauly.
Editors. 2021. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic
publication. www.fishbase.org, ( 06/2021 ). Luthan, Nathan. FB page. 06/2021.