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Hypancistrus lunaorum Armbruster, Lujan & Taphorn, 2007

Image contributors to this species:

Hans-Georg Evers (1) Haakon Haagensen (1)

ScotCat Sources:

Etymology = genus Etymology = species

Other Sources:

Fishbase  Google Search  All Catfish Species Inventory

Relevant Information:

Named by Armbruster, Lujan & Taphorn in their paper of 2007as Hypancistrus lunaorum (L339) along with three other species, H. contradens,which was first thought to be H.inspector) H. furunculus (L199) and H. debilittera (L129). Hypancistrus lunaorum can be distinguished from H. debilittera, H. furunculus, and H. zebra by having a dark background with white spots (vs. presence of oblique lines or vermiculations); from H. contradens by having the spots either absent or smaller than the nasal aperture diameter (vs. spots larger than the nasal aperture diameter); and from H. inspector by having the adpressed dorsal fin reaching the adipose-fin spine (vs. not reaching), the spots on the head the same size as the rest of the body (vs. much smaller on the head), the spots on the caudal fin all free (vs. spots in the upper lobes combining to form bands), and 22–23 (only one of 30 with 24) plates in the mid-ventral series (vs. 24). Similar to the Panaque/Panaqolus and Peckoltia genera but have fewer and larger teeth in the lower and upper jaw. Sexual differences: Males posses a broader and longer head and odontodes on the posterior part of the body, behind the gill covers and on the pectoral fin spines. The latter two are a lot shorter in the females. Aquarium Care: No problem with keeping in groups but only one Hypancistrus species to a tank as there has been reports of hybridisation. Diet: Omnivores, juveniles are keen on vegetable foods whereas adults are less so. Frozen foods such as brine shrimp, mosquito larvae and mussels as well as tablet foods.

Common Name:







Venezuela: upper Orinoco drainage. Type Species: Venezuela, Amazonas, Rio Guapuchi, first major riffle complex, Rio Ventuari drainage.


14cm. (5½ins)


25-29°c (77-85°f.)




Armbruster, J.W., N.K. Lujan and D.C. Taphorn, 2007 Four new Hypancistrus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from Amazonas, Veneuzela. Copeia (1):62-79.
Seidel, I. 2008. Back to Nature guide to L-catfishes, Ettlingen, Germany 208 p   



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