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Hypoptopoma elongatum Aquino & Schaefer, 2010

Image contributors to this species:

Dimitris Lysikatos (1)

ScotCat Sources:

Etymology = Genus Etymology = Species

Other Sources:

Fishbase  Search Google  All Catfish Species Inventory

Relevant Information:

This genus is recognised by the flat head and large eyes that are set latterly on the head and their heavy body armour. The ventral region is also armored and you can sometimes identify a species by the pattern on the underbelly. In saying that the species in this genus are notoriously difficult to identify and most of the time you would need the location of the catchment area or even down to the river itself to pinpoint a certain species. Description: Vertebrae: 27. This species is distinguished from its congeners by having a non-pigmented band on the head positioned parallel to the ventral margin of the rostral and lateral snout plates and with the margin between pigmented and non-pigmented plates very well defined (vs. absence of a distinct pigmented. It can be further distinguished from its congeners, except for H. inexspectatum, by having the ventral surface of the anterior rostral plate as wide as the ventral surface of the first lateral rostral plates (vs. ventral surface gradually widening from anterior rostral to lateral rostral plates). It is readily distinguished from H. inexspectatum by having a greater number of plates along the trunk medial series 23 (vs. 20-21 (21)), by having the snout appearing pointed in dorsal view due to a slight concavity between rostral plate and first infraorbital (vs. snout typically spatulate), and by having, if present, a distinct series of odontodes along dorsal and ventral rostral margin of snout restricted to the anterior rostral plate (vs. series of odontodes along dorsal and ventral rostral margin of snout extended laterally to include second and third infraorbitals). Sexual Differences: Male urogenital papilla short and conical, covered by anterior flaplike anus. Males with patch of tightly arranged small odontodes, variably covering first to fourth plates of ventral series, lateral to urogenital papilla. Males with poorly developed soft-tissue flap along posterior margin of pelvic spine. Female anus tubular, without separate urogenital papilla. In females, size and arrangement of odontodes on plates lateral to anus similar to adjacent plates, without distinct patch of differentially arranged odontodes. Female pelvic spine without flap of soft tissue on posterior surface.

Common Name:







South America: Lower Rio Tapajos and lower Rio Trombetas. Type locality: Rio Tapajos, Itaituba, Pará State, Brazil.


10.0cm. (4ins)


23-27°c (73-81°f.)




Aquino, A.E. and S.A. Schaefer 2010 Systematics of the genus Hypoptopoma Günther, 1868 (Siluriformes, Loricariidae). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 336:1-110
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2017.FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, ( 10/2017 )
Grant, Steven. pers comm.



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