This genera is identified by the teeth of the upper
mandible being twice as long as the lower mandible.
The upper lip is short, its edge covered by numerous
thin, simple, bifurcate or, more rarely, trifurcate
barbels. The lower lip has small papillae with long
filaments along the edge. The leading ray of the pectoral
fins are longer and the upper first spine of the caudal
fin is extended. Reproduction: Males
have an enlarged lower lip which aids the guarding
of the cluster of eggs. Aquarium Care:Soft substrate such as sand is beneficial.
High oxygen levels, frequent water changes and strong
filtration is called upon. Provide plants and bogwood
for shelter. Diet: aufwuchs feeder.
South America:Suriname, Nickerie and Marowijne River basins.
Baensch, H.A. and R.
Riehl, 1991. Aquarien
atlas. Bd. 3. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und
Heimtierkunde, Germany. 1104 p. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014.
FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org,
( 11/2015 ). www.l-welse.com