month (May, 2009) we stay with the Loricariidae family
and concentrate on a cooler water Pleco in the "Bristly
whiptail catfish" Rineloricaria latirostris.
In 1862 Bleeker
in his description of Rineloricaria also
mentioned Hemiloricaria and it is now ascertained
that the latter occur in the warmer climes of South
America and Rineloricaria hail from the southeastern
and southern half of South America. Alongside the
Ancistrus spp. this genus is another that
needs a complete revision to sort them out. The problems
have been that a lot of the Rineloricaira
spp. were described in the last century and only loose
locations were assigned to each species.
This species is
very good at camouflage and the bottom image shows
you the cryptic colours that it can take on to merge
with the substrate and surroundings.
its cryptic colouration
They live in the
flowing mountain streams of the rain forrest so temperatures
in the low end of the tropical scale would be better,
especially for breeding purposes. The species that
has been bred more often under this name is Rineloricaria
sp. aff. latirostriswhich occurs near the city of Rio de Janeiro
and as such is easier to export.
Upper Paraná River basin.: Type locality:
Southern Brazil, Province São Paulo, Mogy-guassu
River about 250 miles inland of Santos.
Dorsal fin opposite to the
base of the pectoral fins. Papillae
and a protrusion of the lips. Bicuspd
teeth with pointed tips.
Cryptic pattern to its surroundings
based on a cream/yellow boby
colour. Belly white.
Care & Compatibility
Very peaceful inhabitant of
a community tank with cooler temperatures.
If you are thinking
of spawning them a separate tank kitted out with PVC
pipes (not too large) for the placement of eggs would
be a better option than a community tank, although
growing on a few in the main tank from youngsters
would suffice as they can be difficult to sex out
when young and only when they get sexually mature
that you tell the sexes apart. Articles on the breeding
of Rineloricaria spp. can be found in the
breeding article section of ScotCat and can be viewed
young but sexually mature males take on small bristles
to the cheeks and head area. The female is devoid
Omnivorous species but likes
a good bit of vegetable fare in their diet.
Bicuspd teeth:Ending in two points; a tooth with two cusps
or points. Cryptic:Hidden,
obscure, little seen. Dorsal fin:The primary rayed fin(s)
on top of the body. Omnivorous:Pertaining
to both vegetable and flesh diet. Papillae: A small fleshy projection,
Rineloricaria:Rhine = file; loricara = harness. latriostris: latus, wide; rostris,
snout, referring to its rounded snout, measuring half
the length of its head.