Synodontis schall has a shield on its body and
has strong bony spines on the pectoral and dorsal
fins. Some areas of new evolutionary forces have allowed
for the Synodontis schall to have different
phenotypes. Recent studies have found evidence for
an increase number of teeth and gill rakers which
could possibly point to a change from them being herbivores
to carnivores. Reproduction: Oviparous.
Breeding occurs during the flood season. Aquarium
Care: A very robust fish and would need to
be housed with large companions who will be able to
look after themselves. Even large Pleco's will suffer
by this species (editors own observation). Diet:
In their natural habitat The diet of Synodontis
schall is one of macrophytes and algae, which
are the two main types of food for them, fish and
egg scales, insect larvae, and molluscs. This suggests
that they are omnivores. Also feeds on fish, bivalves
in the Sudd and snails in Gezira irrigation canals.
In the aquariumthey will eat anything
and everything!. Meaty foods are relished. Will also
eat any foods given to your other tank inhabitants
and will also take flake food that floats to the bottom.
Feed also tablet foods and frozen bloodworm which
they find a favourite.
Silurus schall, Hemisynodontis
schall, Leiosynodontis maculosus, Pimelodus schall,
Synodontis clarias, S. arabi, S. maculosus,
S. smithii, S. gambiensis
basin, Abaia, Stephanie, Rudolf Lake, Tana?, Uebi
Guiba (Uebi Shebeli), Chad, Niger, Senegal, Volta?.
Also known from Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.
Type locality: Habitat Nilum.
Araoye, P. A.
(2000). "Pectoral spine size in Synodontis schall
(Teleostei: Mochokidae) from Asa Lake, Ilorin, Nigeria".
Revista de Biología Tropical. 48 (2–3):
509–10. Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist
of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes),
and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa
Factsheetno 147. Sept. 2008. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2009. FishBase.World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, version (09/2009). Lalèyè, P.; Chikou, A.; Gnohossou,
P.; Vandewalle, P.; Philippart, J C. & Teugels,
G. "Studies on the biology of two species
of catfish Synodontis schall and Synodontis nigrita
(Ostariophysi : Mochokidae) from the Ouémé
River, Bénin" (PDF). Belgian Journal of
Zoology. 136 (2).