Named in honour of
Dr. Mark Henry Sabaj, Collection Manager of Ichthyology,
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia and webmaster
of the All Catfish Species Inventory website.
common Spanish name for many fishes from South America,
including this one (Astroblepus sabalo).
from Latin 'saetiger' meaning bristle bearing, alluding
to the presence of whiskerlike odontodes.
Derived from the Latin
verb sagino, meaning to fatten, cram or to feast, in allusion
to the relatively deep body of this species compared to
all other congeners from the northeastern part of the
the Greek Salmacis, named after the character of Ovid's
tale, 'The fountain of Salmacis'. In allusion to its very
subtle sexual dimorphism when compared to other Scleromystax
In honour of O. Salvin.
after Mr. Gijsbert Harry Sanches.
The specific name,
sandrae, is in reference to Sandra J. Raredon, of the
Division of Fishes, National Museum of Natural History,
in thanks for all of her assistance to the authors, particularly
the first author, (Vari) over the course of the years
in this and many other projects.
specific name sanga, noun in apposition, originated from
the Castilian word "digging", was given in reference
to the location of collection of new species. Sanga is
a term used commonly in Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina
for stream or small stream.
The common name of
this catfish in the Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela (Dupouyichthys
name saquarema refers to the occurrence of the new species
(Trichomycterus saquarema) in
the Lagoa de Saquarema system. The word saquarema is derived
from the Tupi-Guarani, but its meaning is not clear.
From the Saramacca
River in Surinam.
Sararé, a river in Brazil where this Corydoras
species was found.
The Portuguese word
saudades is used to express a deep longing or profound
melancholy attached to a person, place or experience.
It has a deeper tone and meaning than a direct English
translation and reflects the lead author’s connection
to her Brazilian heritage and her nostalgia for field
work in remote wilderness areas that yielded these museum
Henri Émile Sauvage (1842-1917) who was a French
paleontologist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist.
From the Latin for
remote or apart, is in reference to the disjunct distribution
of this species relative to the other members of Denticetopsis.
The dorsal fin spine
is finely serrated anteriorly hence the specific name
of serratus (Synodontis serratus).
specifc epithet, sertanejo, is derived from the Portuguese
word for a person from the sertão. Sertão
refers to the inland xerophitic region of north-eastern
Brazil that is isolated from urban centres and associated
with the Caatinga and the Cerrado biomes. Sertanejos are
known to be shy and elusive as well as rustic and resilient.
A noun in apposition.
The specific name setepovos,
a noun in apposition, was given in reference to the region
of occurrence of new species. The "Seven peoples
of Missions in northwestern Rio Grande do Sul originaramse
Jesuit reductions (18th century. XVII), inhabited mainly
by Guarani Indians.
honoring Scott A. Schaefer, ichthyologist, Editor of Copeia,
and Curator of Fishes at the American Museum of Natural
History, for his many contributions to the field of ichthyology,
and for his
contributions to our understanding of the Loricarioidea
in particular. A noun in apposition (Lujan et al.).
Derived from the northern
Egyptian arabic dialect name of this fish, shâl,
written with "sch" because Bloch & Schneider
were German speaking biologists.
honour of R. Schomburgk.
In honour of Schouteden.
honour of Wilhelm Schreitmüller.
to black “scribbles” (translation, i.e., elongated
or striated blotches) irregularly scattered on upper body
honour of Mr. Willy Schultze.
Named in honour of
honour of A. Seba, a naturalist.
One which follows another.
the Latin semi = 'half' and quilus =
'dark coloured', pertaining to the dark colour on the
upper body scutes on this Corydoras.
From the Latin septentrionalis
= 'northern', meaning that this Corydoras comes
from the northern part of South America.
specific name is an adjective, derived from the serrated
From the Latin; serratus
= toothed like a saw.
to Mr.Werner Seus.
Named for C.P. Shaji,
a fish taxonomist who significantly contributed to the
documentation of freshwater fish diversity of the Kerala
region of Western Ghats by the Kerala Forest Research
Institute (KFRI Peechi).
honour of British planter, hunter and colonial administrator
in central Africa, Alfred Sharpe (1853-1935), who presented
type to the British Museum (Natural History), (Chrysichthys
In honour of government
quinologist (one who grows cinchona trees for quinine,
an early antimalarial) and naturalist G. E. Shaw, who
collected the type specimen.
for Mr. Shewell 'Bud' DeBenneville Keim, a nephew of Henry
W. Fowler, who was the first full-time curator of fishes
at the Academy of Natural Sciences from 1902-1965, for
his generous support to Academy ichthyology, including
the preservation of Fowler's legacy and the stewardships
of his uncle's fishes.
From Siam. (Thailand).
referring to the short pectoral-fin spines (Erethistoides
From the Latin sidereus
for starry. Named because the dark background makes the
white to gold spots look like stars.
having the form of: Silurus, a related genus from Europe,
but in this case perhaps referring to catfishes in general
Named for its similarity to Corydoras ourastigma.
Simulating to imitate.
Sipilawini, a river in Surinam where this Corydoras
species was found.
Description by Steindachner
in recognition of Dr. Snethlage, the collector of the
the Latin sodalis = 'the companion', meaning
this Corydoras resembles Corydoras reticulatus.
From the Latin solox,
Alluding to the bristles on the pectoral fin spines of
the adult male in this Corydoras species.
suffix denoting place: Somjin River, South Korea, the
type locality (Liobagrussomjinensis).
after Dr. Carlos Spegazzini , who collected it in the
Rio de Cachi in the Argentinian province of Salta , at
an altitude of 2500-2800 meters above sea level, in January
1897. (Trichomycterus spegazzinii).
From the small dark
spots on the upper portion of the eye; noun in apposition.
From the Latin spilurus
= 'with spots on the tail'.
spine; –iger, to bear, i.e., spiny, allusion not
explained, perhaps referring to dermal odontodes of holotype,
described as keeled scales with tips “extending
into small spines” (translation), (Hypostomus
The specific name of
spine; serrata, toothed like a saw, referring to pectoral
fin “rather strongly serrated in its inner side”
bright or glittering.
The specific epithet
spondylus is in reference to the tuft of odontodes on
the trunk lateral dermal plates that resemble the thorny
projections of the bivalve mollusk known as spiny oyster.
A noun in apposition.
a personal name.
Dedicated to Mr. J.
Steinbach - collector of the type material (Rineloricaria
honour of Franz Steindachner, the Austrian ichthyologist,
The specific name stellata,
adjective of Latin origin meaning "starred",
given to the species in allusion to the dark, evident
in fins and lateral line pores.
the Latin stenocephalus = 'narrow-headed'.
Epithet is compounded
from the Greek words stenos, meaning
narrow, and gramme, meaning line. The
epithet is proposed in reference to the thin white line
along the lateral line.
From the Greek stenos,
meaning narrow, and oura, meaning tail. In reference to
the extremely narrow caudal peduncle. Used as a noun.
honour of Dr Günther Sterba.
Named to honour the
collector of the holotype, Melanie L. J. Stiassny (American
Museum of Natural History, New York), who has raised an
eloquent voice in conservation matters.
to Prof. Dr. Jan H. Stock, on occasion of his retirement,
with remembrance of and gratitude for his energetic and
enthusiastic activities as a teacher and colleague.
Named for its large
mouth; noun in apposition.
In honour of Dr. Laurnece
a personal name.
The specific name is
derived from the Latin subtilis (slender), referring to
its relatively long and slender body.
specific name “suia” refers to the Suias indigenous
people who, since the 90’s, have stood out in the
fight to protect the Suiá-Missu River environment
and for recovery of their traditional lands outside the
limits of Xingu park. A noun in apposition.
In honour of Dr. and
Mrs Frederick A. Sutton.
not identified, probably in honour of Cornelis Jacobus
Swierstra (1874-1952), a Dutch-born South African entomologist,
who, according to Jubb, Freshwater Fishes of Southern
Africa (1967), collected the type (Chiloglanis swierstrai).
In honour of Mr. Al
Sychr of Hayward, California, U.S.A. who gave the original
aquarium specimens to Dr. Weitzman to describe.
specific name of sympterygium: syn-,
together; pterygion, fin, referring to confluent anal
and caudal fins (Heptapterus sympterygium).