Named after the collector
of the holotype, Ben van der Waal, in recognition of his
donations of fish collections from northern Namibina rivers
to the J.L.B. Smith Institute and the Albany Museum.
genitive singular of: patronym not identified but clearly
in honour of Achille Valenciennes (1794-1865), co-author
of the 22-volume Histoire Naturelle des Poissons (1828-1850),
a basic reference for ichthyologists of the time (Parapimelodus
The species name varii
honours the ichthyologist Richard P. Vari (1949–2016)
for his outstanding contributions to the systematics of
Neotropical fishes (Rhyacoglanis varii).
from the Latin variola, meaning smallpox, spotted, in
allusion to the dark dots that cover all dorsal and ventral
body surfaces. A noun in apposition.
From the Latin adjective
velifer, meaning sail bearing (Latin velum = sail and
fero = to bear). The name refers to the relatively elongate
first dorsal-fin ray of this species, a diagnostic character.
velites, plural of veles, light armed troops of the Roman
army, which usually opened the fighting hurling javelins,
retreating among the ranks of heavy infantry as the struggle
advanced. An allusion to the relatively delicate complexion
of the fish.
The specific epithet,
“velhomonge”, is a reference to the Parnaíba
River, commonly known as ‘Velho Monge’ (Old
Monk, in English). One of the versions on the origin of
this name portrays that a poet called Costa e Silva gave
the river the nickname “Velho Monge” because,
when seen from the city of Amarante, the confluence of
Canindé River with Parnaíba River forms
a landscape that, in profile, reminds the silhouette of
a monk and whose foam suggests its long beard. A noun
In honour of agronomist
Jorge Augusto Vera Mantilla, for his help in capturing
the type specimens (Astroblepus verai).
Forming a vermiculate
word for Wasp, due to the colour markings.
According to Valenciennes
(1840), Latin cognate of vieille, old woman, from its
local common name, vielle à longue queue (“long-tailed
old woman”), referring to its filamentous caudal-fin
ray; vieille (velha in Portuguese, vieja in Spanish) is
a name it shares with several loricariid, doradid and
callichthyid catfishes (e.g., Loricariichthys anus) in
Buenos Aires, Argentina, allusion not explained nor evident
Lake Victoria, East Africa.
to its relatively large eyes (Microsynodontis vigilis).
specific name, villasboas, (Hartia villasboas)
is a patronym that honours the Orlando, Claudio and Leonardo
Villas Boas brothers, three frontiersmen that led the
Expedição Roncador-Xingu during the years
of 1943 to 1949, with the mission to explore a wide and
unknown territory of the Amazonian regions of Brazil.
In 1949, the expedition reached the tablelands of the
Serra do Cachimbo. One of the most important results of
this expedition was the establishment of the Parque Indígena
do Xingu in 1961, the first huge indigenous area in all
South America. The area of the park is 26.420 km2 in the
northern of Mato Grosso State and nowadays protects 14
indigenous ethnicities. A noun in apposition.
The specific epithet
violaceus is a Latin word and means violet-colored, in
reference to the general violet body coloration of the
Corydoras was named in honour of Adolfo Schwartz's
From the Latin viridis,
meaning green, and refering to the colour of the fish.
name is used in reference to the relatively deep, robust
body and long fin spines of this species when compared
to many congeners.
Means 'of glass’,
in reference to the transparent appearance of this species.
The specific epithet
of vogti is in honour of monsignor Franz Xaver Vogt (1870-1943),
German Catholic Missionary, Bagamoyo, German East Africa
(now Tanzania), who sent type to the Muséum national
d’Histoire naturelle (Paris) (Atopochilus vogti).