Named for the former
president of India, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, who ignited
young minds towards the real world of Science and Technology.
of the Greek 'acantha', meaning a thorn, and the Latin
'opercul', meaning a cover or lid, alluding to the distinctive
opercular spines developed by mature males in this species.
after Acre, the location where the fish was collected.
From Acre, the state
in Brazil where the species was found and L. -ensis,
denoting place, locality, country.
the Planetary Biodiversity Inventory Program of the National
With prickles, (referring
to the spines on the pectoral fins).
a neadle or spine.
in honour of Adolfo Schwartz.
Handsome, after Adonis,
beloved of Venus.
specific name is patronymic in honor of Dr. Dominique
Adriaens, who brought the existence of this species to
the authors attention.
honour of Dr. G. A. Fischer.
In honour of Jean Louis
Agassiz, the zoologist, born in Switzerland, (1807-1873).
honour of Dr. Ernest Ahl, born in Berlin in 1898, and
reported missing in the Second World War.
to the Akroá indigenous people, inhabitants of
lands from eastern Tocantins to southern Piauí
until the XIX century (Apolinário, 2005). The Akroá
lived along valleys on Serra Geral do Tocantins, a watershed
divide between the right margin of Rio Tocantins and Rio
Parnaíba upper valleys respectively. Their territory
included the Rio Manuel Alves sub-basin of Rio Tocantins,
distribution range of the new Tatia species (Tatia
akroa). A noun in apposition.
(language: guaraní) = green.
albus = white;
ater = black.
alba = white and vermis = worm, relating to the white
to yellow lines on the body.
With white bands or
Probably named for
Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria.
epithet “aldebaran” refers to the red giant
Aldebaran or Alpha Tauri (a Tauri), the brightest star
of the Taurus constellation, deriving from the Arabic
al Dabaran, which means “the follower”. The
star presents a bright orange glow and it is positioned
at the left eye of the mythological bull. The name alludes
to the fact that Aspidoras aldebaran was firstly
found among Aspidoras taurus type series, being
promptly recognised as a different and new species by
its peculiar morphology and colour pattern. A noun in
The specific name honours
Ana de Lourdes Almendáriz, in recognition of her
significant contributions to the Ecuador herpetofauna
knowledge, and her enthusiasm and friendship for many
years. Noun in apposition.
name altipombensis is an allusion to the occurrence of
the new species in the upper section of the Rio Pomba
This Corydoras is dedicated
to Mrs. Amanda Jane Sands.
Amapa, the state in Brazil where this Corydoras species
was found and ensis = denoting place, locality,
The specific name refers
to the distribution of the species in the Amazon basin
and its relationship to the species Megalonema xanthum.
the Amazon river basin.
After the River Ambiacu,
currently spelled Rio Ampiyacu.
for amphi = around on both sides; belos
= dart, arrow, bolt, sting, an allusion to the dorsal-and
Referring to the anal
fin in some way.
for the Anamalai hills of Kerela, India.
From the generic name
for the pineapple, Ananas (Bromeliaceae). The specific
name ananas is an allusion to stout body and spiny appearance
of species due to presence of additional row(s) of spines
on lateral plates (Physopyxis ananas).
Heavenly, devine, (young
fish are unusually beautifully coloured).
an eel-like tail.
Like an eel.
specific name anhaguapitan, substantive in apposition,
was obtained from a tupi legend. The legend recounts a
confrontation between Anhaguapitã (the devil) and
St. Peter, where the Saint would have turned dead birds
by the devil in the rain and small stones, causing the
The specific name anitae,
noun in the genitive, is given in honour of Anita Garibaldi,
character of the Farroupilha Revolution.
joining, (probably means a connecting link between two
Latin adjective meaning
ringed, in reference to the caudal-peduncle band with
a light inner region (Phenacorhamdia macarenensis).
honour of Dr. W.J. Ansorge, the English collector.
From the Bengali common
name for this fish: "AYRE" for Sperata aor.
for the indigenous tribe Apiaká, meaning 'people'
in Tupi language, which originally occupied the middle
and lower rio Arinos, lower rio Juruena, but is nowadays
restricted to the lower rio Juruena. The tribe is known
for facial tattoos and bravery in battles, as well as
by anthropophagic rites after fights. A noun in apposition.
From the Greek; a-
meaning without and pous, meaning foot; in reference to
the lack of any pelvic fins.
a beard, (barbels).
Named after the River
Approuague, where it was collected.
for Água Boa, its type locality; an adjective.
Named after the Rio
Araguaia, where it was collected.
to the occurrence of the new species in the region of
Araxá, a historical Brazilian city founded in the
18th century, during the colonial period. The word araxa
is possibly derived from the Tupi-Guarani to designate
some native people formerly inhabiting the region.
Arched, like a bow,
(referring to the stripe).
specific name is a tribute to the authors son, biologist
Carlos Alfonso Ardila Duarte, with whom they collected
this species (Astroblepus) in its type locality.
(Portuguese, meaning creek) Areio, a river system in Brazil
where the species was found.
from a Guaraní word arecutá, meaning loricariid
Coloured with silver.
the country of Argentina.
Named after a cow-herd
of Greek legend, who was supposed to have one hundred
eyes scattered all over his body, ( a reference to the
armoured, alluding to the dorsal fin spine.
Patronym honoring Jonathan
W. Armbruster, ichthyologist, Associate Professor, and
Curator of Fishes at the Auburn University Museum Fish
Collection, for his many contributions to the field of
ichthyology, and to our understanding of the Loricariidae
in particular. A noun in apposition. (Lujan et al 2010).
honour of Johann Paul Arnold, born in Germany, 1869-1952.
In honour of ichthyologist-herpetologist
Jacques Arnoult (1914-1995), Muséum national d’Histoire
naturelle (Paris), for help and encouragement in the exploration
of wildlife in the Republic of Upper Volta (Synodontis
its type locality of Arunachal Pradesh, India.
Derived from the greek
river god "Asopos", given in reference to the
widespread distribution of this fish throughout Amazonian
drainages. (Mastiglanis asopos).
its shark-like appearance, especially to the shape of
aster = a star;
frons = forehead.
name is derived from the Greek aster, meaning star, and
physa, meaning bladder, alluding to the proliferation
of diverticula along the periphery of the gas bladder
which distinguishes Ossancora asterophysa from
Ossancora eigenmanni. An adjective.
The specific name “asurini”
is a reference to the Asurini indigenous peoples who inhabit
the right margin and median portions of rio Xingu, close
to the municipality of Altamira in Pará State,
Brazil. A noun in apposition.
reference to Atahualpa who reigned from 1515 to 1533 as
the last ruler of the Inca Empire that encompassed the
region from which the population samples of this species
black, referring to “noir profound” colouration
on lower part of body, an example of inverse pigmentation
in which ventral surface is darker than dorsal surface
(a countershading adaptation to swimming upside-down at
the water’s surface) (Synodontis aterrimus).
the form of: silversides (Atherinidae: Atherina), probably
referring to silvery stripe on sides.
Named afer the locality
, the Atro River basin, Colombia.
the Latin atratus, meaning clothed in black, in reference
to the dark colouration of this species in preservative
With black bands or
the Latin atropersonatus = 'with a black mask'
alluding to the mask across the eye.
Overlaid with gold.
the Latin aurum = gold and frenatum
In honour of Dr Herbert
epithet azaghal refers to a fictional character within
the fantastic universe created by the South African/British
writer, poet, philologist, and academic, John Ronald Reuel
Tolkien (1892-1973). Azaghâl was the king of the
Broad-beam Dwarves, one of the seven dwarf clans, and
Lord of the dwarven realm of Belegost in the Blue Mountains
during Middle Earth's First Age. The name comes from a
double allusion, first about the region where the species
was found, Terra do Meio, freely translated as Middle
Earth in English, name of the fictional world of Tolkien's
legendarium, and second by the fact that the new species
occurs in a mountainous region and presents a relatively
small size, which are both typical features of the fictional
The species is named
azpelicuetae after Dr. María de las Mercedes Azpelicueta,
in recognition of her prominent contributions to ichthyology,
especially to the systematics of Argentinian fishes. She
described numerous species and was essential to the formation
of subsequent generations of freshwater fish systematists
in Argentina. Amatronym in genitive case (Farlowella).