First Time Spawning And Raising Of the
Xingu-Lizard-Cat, Rineloricaria cf. tefeana
was first made aware of this species by
a friend last year (1998) who could not identify them. He dutifully
brought them up North from the wholesalers to Scotland for me
in October of the same year, of four individuals. I could not
I.D. them either but I had a fair idea that they were a Rineloricaria
sp. It was not until some time later when I was leafing through
some back-copies of Practical Fishkeeping that I found them. For
owners also of the Loricariidae Aqualog-all L-Numbers, this fish
is on page 9 and is captioned as L010, and as far as I know it
is still not fully identified to species.
I had been successful
previously with a good number of this familyincluding, Sturisoma
aureum, Rineloricaria parva and latirostris, and was
delighted with my acquisitions. They went into a good home in
a 30" tank which was set up especially for them , and also
for me to keep an eye out for any sign of disease or stress.They
settled down well to life in this part of the world with a temp
of 84f, a p.H. of between 6 and 6.5 and with the water well oxygenated.
I eventually moved them to a general community tank with the same
water conditions. I had successfully kept and bred other Loricariidae
species with these same parameters and I didn't see any reason
to change that.I decided a year later in October 1999 to now have
a go at breeding them. I set up a 18" x 12" x 12"
tank for a pair, which incidentally out of the four received,
I had one male and three females. The males of course have short
bristles around the head area and pectorals when they are in good
condition ( if they are in unsuitable conditions they will shed
their bristles) whereas the females lack this trait.
I included a piece of bogwood which I include in all my Loricaria
tanks as this helps them digest their food as they browse
on the wood. I also included a 12" long clay pipe, with a
1" diameter which was twice the length of the pair which
were by now 6" in growth. Filtration was by an external power
filter with again good water movement and a bare bottom to the
tank, as I find it so much easier to keep clean.I fed the parents
with Lettuce, whiteworm and frozen bloodworm and within a few
weeks the female had entered the pipe where the male had resided
two days previously.
The male started to lift its tail over the females body and was
shaking up and down. The female laid around 100 eggs which were
bottle green in colour. The male chased the female out of the
pipe and stayed with the eggs for a total of 12 days, I took the
female out and back to its original tank. When the male exited
the pipe I was surprised to see him in such good condition because
remember he hadn't eaten for a total of 15 days and was no worse
When the fry appeared there was about 70, a hatch rate of about
90%, they were between 4 and 5mm in size and without an eggsac.
I fed them right away after removing the male with microworm and
lettuce. Feeding was 3 to 4 times per day.
Water changes were adhered to every day
with water from another tank (3' 0"x 20"x 20")
which had the same parameters as the fry tank.
I fitted a sponge over the outlet to the power filter to gather
bacteria for the fry to feed on and also to slow down the maintenance
on the power filter as I was feeding very heavily and the ammonia
would have been high if I didn't stick to this strict regime.