= ( Hep tapt ER idee )
Another sub-family of the Pimelodidae, Heptapteridaeinae,
which is now been given full family status.
There are up to 200 species in this South and Central
American family comprising mostly of the genera Imparfinis,
Pimelodella, Brachyrhamdia and Rhamdia.
Most are predators which vary in size but can be kept
in an aquarium with tank mates that are chosen carefully.