Currently, the Aspredinidae
possesses 13 valid genera (2020). Acanthobunocephalus
Friel, Amaralia Fowler, Aspredinichthys
Bleeker, Aspredo Scopoli, Bunocephalus
Kner, Dupouyichthys Schultz, Ernstichthys
Myers, Micromyzon Friel & Lundberg, Platystacus
Bloch, Pseudobunocephalus Friel, Pterobunocephalus
Fowler, and Xyliphius Eigenmann, all endemic
from the Neotropical region. Bunocephalus
is the most speciose genus in the family. Bunocephalus
was proposed as a new genus by Kner (1855), but the
type-species Platystacus verrucosus Bloch,
1794 was subsequently designated by Bleeker (1862-1863).
Bunocephalus includes nine valid species
distributed in the drainages of Magdalena, Orinoco,
Amazonas, São Francisco, Paraná-Paraguay,
Uruguay, laguna dos Patos, and in some rivers of the
western slope of the Andes (Atrato, San Juan, and
Patía) (Friel, 2003). Habitat:
Individuals of Bunocephalus species are usually
found on submerged foliage or burried in the mud of
rivers and backwater creeks. Aquarium Care:
This small species is very peaceful which will do
well in a quite community tank where the tank mates
are non-aggressive. Hides in the sand or amongst plants.
Provide a sand substrate due to its habit and a planted
dark area to make them feel more secure in their surroundings.
Diet: Tablet foods, insect larvae
and tubifex. Remarks:
Banjo catfishes are characterized by their body shape,
which resembles the musical instrument known as banjo
River basin, Brazil. Type locality:Rio Piracicaba, junto ao Salto; ao 20 klm
abaixo (ilha das Flechas) [São Paulo, Brazil].
R.; 2010. Bunocephalus erondinae, a new species
of banjo catfish from southern Brazil (Siluriformes:
Aspredinidae) Neotrop. ichthyol. vol.8 no.3 Porto
Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007.
Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes:
Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary
types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2011. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.