Found in lakes and rivers. Description:
Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total):
64-92; Anal soft rays: 64 - 79; Vertebrae: 58 - 62.
Pectoral fin spine serrated on both inner and outer
sides. Head pointed in dorsal outline; snout short
and slightly rounded; eyes more dorsally located.
Frontal fontanelle short and squat (`sole-shaped')
or intermediate between `sole-shaped' and `knife-shaped';
occipital fontanelle long and oval-shaped. The `dermosphenotic'
and supraorbital joined. Tooth plates small, gill
rakers long, slender and distantly set. Suprabranchial
organ well developed. Openings of secondary canals
regularly arranged along flanks. Diet:
Feeds mainly on insects, consisting of larval and
adult aquatic Coleoptera, terrestrial insects, chironomid
larvae and larvae of Povilla, culicines and hydroptilids.
Also feeds on ostracods, gastropods, plants, copepods
Lakes Victoria, Kioga, Edward, and Tanganyika; upper
Nile River. Type locality: Gondokoro,
and Lake Victoria (at Bunjako, Buganga, and Munyonyo),
Uganda, restricted to Buganga, by lectotype designation.
Froese, R. and D. Pauly.
Editors. 2011. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic
publication. www.fishbase.org, version. Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist
of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes),
and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa
1418:1-628. Teugels, G.G., 1986. A systematic
revision of the African species of the genus Clarias
(Pisces; Clariidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci.
Zool., 247:199 p. van Oijen, M.J.P., 1995. Appendix
I. Key to Lake Victoria fishes other than haplochromine
cichlids. p. 209-300. In F. Witte and W.L.T. van Densen
(eds.) Fish stocks and fisheries of Lake Victoria.
A handbook for field observations. Samara Publishing
Limited, Dyfed, Great Britain.