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Rhinolekos capetinga Roxo FF, Ochoa LE, Silva GSC, Oliveira C (2015)

Image contributors to this species:

Fábio F. Roxo (3)

ScotCat Sources:

Etymology = Species

Other Sources:

Google Search  All Catfish Species Inventory 

Relevant Information:

Rhinolekos capetinga diffrs from R. garavelloi and R. schaeferi in that it has a lower number of vertebrae, 31 (vs. 32) and the anterior portion of the compound supraneural-fist dorsal-fi proximal radial contacts the neural spine at the 9th vertebra (vs. 10th, Fig. 2a). The new species can be distinguished from R. britskii by the absence of transverse dark bands in the pectoral, pelvic and anal-fin rays (vs. present), lower number of plates in the dorsal series 24–28 (vs. 30–35), lack of odontodes on the ventral tip of the snout (vs. tip of snout completely covered by odontodes), and by having a greater prenasal length, 41–60% of HL (vs. 32–40% of HL). Moreover, the new species differs from R. schaeferi by the absence of accessory teeth (vs. present) and from all congeners by the smaller head length, 20–27% of SL (vs. 28–32% of SL in R. britskii; 29–35% of SL in R. garavelloi; 29–32% of SL in R. schaeferi), and by the greater snout length, 61–85% of HL (vs. 52–57% of SL in R. britskii; 49–60% of SL in R. garavelloi; 53–59% of SL in R. schaeferi). It diffrs from R. britskii and R. garavelloi by the smaller caudal-peduncle depth, 6–9% of SL (vs. 9–11% of SL in R. britskii and 10–13% of SL in R. garavelloi); it differs from R. garavelloi by the smaller thoracic length 10–15% of SL (vs. 18–21% of SL), and by the smaller folded dorsal-fin length, 14–21% of SL (vs. 22–26% of SL). Adult males are distinguished by having a papilla at the urogenital opening (vs. papilla absent in females), and by an unbranched pectoral- and pelvic-fin ray supporting a dermal flp on their proximal dorsal surface in males.

Common Name:







Brazil: known from two localities at the córrego da Branca and one locality at the córrego Roncador, all drainages of the rio Tocantizinho, rio Tocantins basin.


4.0cm. (1¾ins)


23-27°c (73-81°f.)


6.0 -7.5.


Roxo FF, Ochoa LE, Silva GSC, Oliveira C. (2015) Rhinolekos capetinga: a new cascudinho species (Loricariidae, Otothyrinae) from the rio Tocantins basin and comments on its ancestral dispersal route. ZooKeys 481: 109–130. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.481.8755



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