The body shape is described as being elongate and
flattened and the body is completely covered with
small spines. The mouth is described as being inferior
with lips forming a disc-like shape and the teeth
are arranged in rows. The eyes have a peg-shaped iris
lobe which is typical of most species of Loricariid.
The adipose fin consists of a spiny projection which
supports a membrane. Aquarium Care:
An ideal addition to an aquarium containing such fish
as South American cichlids, discus and angelfish,
just as long as the other occupants are not too aggressive
and can withstand the higher water temperatures. They
will get territorial as they mature. Sexual
Diffences: The males tend to be more slender
and larger than the females. The males tend to develop
bristles around the cheeks and head, with larger spines
or odontodes being present along the leading edge
of the pectoral fin ray. Diet: Readily
accepts a mixed and varied diet which includes sinking
foods such as catfish pellets, frozen bloodworm and
any other good quality foods which sink to the substrate.
These catfish also have a preference to feed upon
meatier foods such as dead fish, mussels and prawns.
Golden Cloud Pleco
and Tapajós River basins.
2003. Loricariidae-Ancistrinae (Armored catfishes).
p. 373-400. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J.
Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes
of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS,
Brasil. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2019. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, ( 08/2019 ).