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Brachyplatystoma filamentosum (Lichtenstein, 1819)

Image contributors to this species:

Nishant Kikani (1) Enrico Richter (3) Nathan Lujan (1)

ScotCat Sources:

Etymology = Genus Etymology = Species

Other Sources:

Fishbase  Search Google  All Catfish Species Inventory


Relevant Information:

This is the largest catfish in the Amazon basin second only to Arapaima gigas and attaining lengths of over 3 metres but usually found smaller than this (2 metres). Juveniles and sub adults may be found in brackish water of river mouths. Found on soft bottoms and feeds on fish. Stomach contents are said to include parts of monkeys. In parts of the Amazon, this catfish occasionally makes prey of a man (Roosevelt 1914). Captured using nets and longlines and is threatened due to over harvesting. This is not an Aquarium fish.

Common Name:



Pimelodus filamentosus, Platystoma affine, Platystoma gigas, Sorubimichthys gigas, Piratinga pirá- aïba, Brachyplatystoma goeldii 




South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins and major rivers of the Guianas and northeastern Brazil. Type locality: Brasilien.


300cm. (10ft)


22 -27°C (71 -81°F)


6.0 -7.2.


Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2009.FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (02/2010).
Burgess, W.E. 1989 An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes. A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey (USA). 784 p.



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                                                                                                   updated = December 5, 2018 © ScotCat 1997-2018