A new species assigned to the
genus Trichomycterus (2017) but now moved
into the new genus of Cambeva. Abstract:
Trichomycterus comprises about 170 valid
species, but its monophyly has been challenged in
the last decades. Bayesian Inference and Maximum Likelihood
analyses comprehending mitochondrial genes COI and
CYTB and nuclear genes GLYT, MYH6 and RAG2 from 71
Trichomycterinae terminal taxa and eight outgroups
were performed. The analyses highly supports a clade
containing Trichomycterus nigricans, the
type species of the genus, and several other congeners
endemic to eastern and northeastern Brazil, herein
considered as the genus Trichomycterus, the
sister clade the southern Brazil and adjacent areas
clade; the latter clade comprises two subclades, one
comprising species of the genus Scleronema
and another comprising species previously placed in
Trichomycterus, herein described as a new
genus. The new genus Cambeva (2020) is distinguished
from all other trichomycterines by the presence of
a bony flap on the channel of the maxillo-dentary
ligament, the interopercle shorter than the opercle,
a deep constriction on the basal portion of the antero-dorsal
arm of the quadrate, absence of teeth in the coronoid
process of the dentary, the maxilla shorter than the
premaxilla, the cranial fontanel extending from the
the medial posterior of frontal to the medial region
of supraoccipital, and absence of the postorbital
process of the sphenotic-prootic-pterosphenoid. Habitat:
The species of Cambeva occur in the
Paraná, São Francisco, Ribeira de Iguape,
and Uruguay river basins, as well as in smaller isolated
coastal river basins of south-eastern and southern
Brazil. Diet: will feed on most aquarium
fare such as tablet, frozen and live foods. Remarks:
Still found on some online sources as Trichomycterusdavisi.
Pygidium davisi, Trichomycterusdavisi
South America:Upper Paraná River and Iguaçu
and Ribeira de Iguapé River basins: Argentina
and Brazil. Type locality: Serrinha
Paraná, Rio Iguaçu system, Brazil.
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www.fishbase.org, ( 04/2018 ). Katz, A. M., M. A. Barbosa, J. L. O. Mattos
and W. J. E. M. Costa 2018 (22 Nov.) Multigene
analysis of the catfish genus Trichomycterus and description
of a new South American trichomycterine genus (Siluriformes,
Trichomycteridae). Zoosystematics and Evolution v.
94 (no. 2): 557-566.