Hans van Heusden
(1) Andrew Deacon (1) Christian
Amphilius uranoscopus is a demersal species that
colonises lakes but prefers fast flowing streams,
with pebbles and boulders, where the water is rich
in oxygen (Seegers 1996). It survives in fast flowing
rapids by paired fins adapted to form suckers to allow
the fish to flatten themselves against the rocks.
Diet: It feeds on stream insects
and other small organisms off rock surfaces (Skelton
1993). Reproduction: This species
breeds in summer, laying eggs underneath stones. The
juveniles are easily mistaken for tadpoles. It is
preyed on by trout and probably eels (Skelton 1993).
Aquarium Care: Can be kept in aquaria with
a small grained gravel or sand substrate, and well
planted with a slight current to facilitate their
natural habitat. Provide rockwork and caves. This
genera prefer cooler temperatures in the aquarium.
Aquarium Diet: Mosquito larvae, Tubifex,
Cyclops, Daphnia, grindal worms, vegetable food, tablet
and flake. Remarks: The species shown
in the first thumbnail image was captured by the image
contributor in the Wami drainage: CAS 80494, Tanzania,
Nguru Mountains, Nguru South Forest Reserve, 6°7'S,
37°32'E (2: 49.1-101.4); BMNH 1918.104.22.168, Tanzania,
Stream at Arusha in the foothills of Mount Meru, 3°21'57"S,
36°40'28"E (1: 84.7). It is not known whether
the spotted species from the north Malagarasi drainage
is A. uranoscopus or are another species
such as A.
Okavango and Zambezi basins, eastern coastal Rivers
south to the Mkuze basin, Natal, and throughout east
and Central Africa (Skelton, 1993); Lake Rukwa basin
(Seegers, 1996). Type locality: Bad
bei Ushonda (Ungúu), ... Bäche bei Mhonda.
Ferraris, C.J. Jr.,
2007. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes:
Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary
types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628. Bills, R., Cambray, J., Hanssens, M. &
Marshall, B. 2010. Amphilius uranoscopus.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T182690A7944254. Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide
to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern
Book Publishers. 388 p. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2015.FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, ( 10/2015 ). Seegers, L., 2008. The catfishes
of Africa: A handbook for identification and maintenance.
Aqualog Verlag A.C.S. GmbH, Germany. 604 p.