Hans van Heusden
(1) Andrew Deacon (1) Christian
Fry (1) Joe Cutler (2)
Amphilius uranoscopus is a demersal species that
colonises lakes but prefers fast flowing streams,
with pebbles and boulders, where the water is rich
in oxygen (Seegers 1996). It survives in fast flowing
rapids by paired fins adapted to form suckers to allow
the fish to flatten themselves against the rocks.
Reproduction: This species breeds
in summer, laying eggs underneath stones. The juveniles
are easily mistaken for tadpoles. It is preyed on
by trout and probably eels (Skelton 1993).
Aquarium Care: Can be kept in aquaria with
a small grained gravel or sand substrate, and well
planted with a slight current to facilitate their
natural habitat. Provide rockwork and caves. This
genera prefer cooler temperatures in the aquarium.
Diet: It feeds on stream insects
and other small organisms off rock surfaces (Skelton
1993). In the aquarium feed mosquito larvae, Tubifex,
Cyclops, Daphnia, grindal worms, vegetable food, tablet
and flake. Etymology: The specific
name from the Greek 'ouranos' (sky) and 'skopos' (literally
watchman, 'skopeoo' means to look at), referring to
the supero-lateral position of the eyes. Remarks:
The species shown in the first thumbnail image was
captured by the image contributor in the Wami drainage:
CAS 80494, Tanzania, Nguru Mountains, Nguru South
Forest Reserve, 6°7'S, 37°32'E (2: 49.1-101.4);
BMNH 1918.104.22.168, Tanzania, Stream at Arusha in the
foothills of Mount Meru, 3°21'57"S, 36°40'28"E
(1: 84.7). It is not known whether the spotted species
from the north Malagarasi drainage is A. uranoscopus
or are another species such as A.
Okavango and Zambezi basins, eastern coastal Rivers
south to the Mkuze basin, Natal, and throughout east
and Central Africa (Skelton, 1993); Lake Rukwa basin
(Seegers, 1996). Type locality: Bad
bei Ushonda (Ungúu), ... Bäche bei Mhonda.
Bills, R., Cambray,
J., Hanssens, M. & Marshall, B. 2010.
Amphilius uranoscopus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened
Species 2010. Ferraris, C.J. Jr.,
2007. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes:
Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary
types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2015. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, ( 10/2015 ). Seegers, L., 2008. The catfishes
of Africa: A handbook for identification and maintenance.
Aqualog Verlag A.C.S. GmbH, Germany. 604 p. Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide
to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern
Book Publishers. 388 p.