Anal soft rays: 22 - 28. Maxillary barbels, first
ray of dorsal fin, and first ray of pectoral fin extended
as long, flat filaments. 1 pair of barbels on chin.
The dorsal and pectoral fins are equipped with a serrated
erectile spine, both of which are venomous. Habitat:
Mainly marine but enters brackish estuaries with relatively
high salinities. Diet: Feeds mainly
on small fishes and invertebrates. Commonly caught
by anglers along bridges, piers and catwalks. The
flesh is considered good.
States, Mexico, Cuba, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua,
Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam,
French Guyana and Brazil. Type locality:
New York, U.S.A.
Froese, R. and D. Pauly.
Editors. 2009. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic
publication. www.fishbase.org, version (10/2009).
Marceniuk, Alexandre P.; Menezes, Naércio
A. (2007). "Systematics of the family
Ariidae (Ostariophysi, Siluriformes), with a redefinition
of the genera" Zootaxa 1416: 1–126.