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Liosomadoras morrowi   Fowler, 1940


e concentrate this month (Oct. 2008) on a not to
common species from the Auchenipteridae family and a close relative to its congener Liosomadoras oncinus, which was our factsheet subject 3 years ago in January 2005.

Liosomadoras morrowi

 

In 1940, Fowler described a new species from Peru, Liosomadorus morrowi, and placed it in the Doradidae family even although it did not have the bony scutes that this family possess, but it had the spiny humeral process of this family.


In 1978 an article on Liosomadoras oncinus with illustrations appeared in the TFH magazine by Martin Brittan and it alerted the Ichthyologist, Mees, who subsequently published a paper on oncinus. Mees noted that the fish in the article, which was mooted as a Centromochlus species, looked very like the original description which was discovered in Brazil by R. H. Schomburgk in 1841. He obtained specimens from Brittan and also the type specimen of our factsheet subject, L. morrowi and concluded, incorrectly, that they were one and the same fish and placed it in the Doradidae family. It was not until 1994 that these two species were considered as separate and they were placed in the Auchenipteridae family.

This species is the exact opposite of the beautifully marked oncinus, and in the aquarium, just like its congener you may not see too much of it as it can be crepuscular in nature and will need hiding places to make it feel more secure and happy in its surroundings.

 


Liosomadorus morrowi

The authors Liosomadorus morrowi

Above is my Liosomadorus morrowi, the Black Jaguar Catfish. I was given this fish by a friend who had bought it as a Jaguar Cat and did not know what it was. You may find the common name of the Black Jaguar Catfish misleading from this picture, but this photo was taken on the show bench and it had lost the dark markings that you will find when it is settled in your tank set up.

 

Characteristics
Body short and compact with a compressed caudal peduncle. Head, large and broad, its width at the clavicles greater than its length. The long humeral extension has small spines and the barbels are thin and filamentous without branches. Dorsal spine has teeth on anterior and posterior edges. Pectoral spines have outer and inner margins strongly denticulated. Adipose fin is the same length as the anal fin, ventral fins short and positioned nearer the anal fin than the pectoral fin base. Caudal fin emarginate.

Colour
Blackish/brown body with gold lateral line interspersed with gold and black spots. Underneath body, gold with black spotting which can extend into the head area. Unpaired fins with black spots. Can tend to change its body colour from dark to light according to the substrate.

Compatibility
Can be kept in a community tank but may eat very small fish at night such as the fry of livebearers, but basically a good addition to the larger tank set up. My speciman is kept in a 48" x 18" x18" with a large Synodontis nigrita and a Pike Cichlid, so it has plenty of room. I don't see it very often, only If I am rearanging the tank layout. Can be territorial with its own kind but you can get round this by providing extra cover such as pipes and driftwood.

Breeding
There are no known reported aquarium spawning's of this catfish but can be sexed due to the thickening of the anterior of the anal fin, as is the norm in this family, akin to the anal fins of the males of the Goodiae family of livebearers.

Feeding
Will take most prepared foods such as frozen bloodworm, tablet and flake food. Better to feed at night after lights out, but once settled in tank will forage for food in low light conditions.

Etymology
Liosomadoras: From the Greek leios, meaning smooth; soma; meaning body and Doras (a genus of doradid catfishes); in reference to the lack of bony plates on the body (when the genus was described as a doradid).
morrowi: For William Morrow, who collected this fish.


References
Finley, Lee; Catfish Corner, The Jaguar Catfish, Tropical Fish Hobbyist; Aug.1997 p104-108

Photo Credits

Top:        
Daniel Blom

Bottom:
  Julian Dignall @  Planet Catfish 
Factsheet 148

Synonyms:
None
Common Name:
Black Jaguar Catfish
Family:
 Auchenipteridaely
Subfamily:
Auchenipterinae
Distribution:
 Peru Peru: in the Rio Ucayali basin. Type locality: Ucayali River basin, Contamana, Peru.
Size: 
16.0cm. (6¼ins)
Temp:
20-24°c (67-75°f.)
pH.:
6.5 - 7.0
Donation:
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                                                                                                                                                      Factsheet 148 = updated December 30, 2004, © ScotCat 1997-2015  Go to Top