Anal soft rays: 31 - 35. Body stout and heavy, head
broader than long; blue-black dorsum; blunt snout
with broad white band on muzzle; single large patch
of vomerine teeth with separate patch of palatine
teeth on each side. Rounded head and blunt rounded
snout. Habitat: Known from large
rivers and also found in rapids and in deeper slower
reaches. Enters flooded forest and feeds on plants.
Reproduction: Spawns at the onset
of flood season and the young are first seen in June,
averaging about 5 cm by mid-June. Remarks:
This is mainly the fish sold in U.K. supermarkets
(rarely also as Pangasianodon hypophthalmus)
as Vietnamese river cobbler, sold in place of the
more expensive cod or haddock.
Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins. Type
locality: Phnom-Penh (Cambodia).
Froese, R. and D. Pauly.
Editors. 2006. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic
publication. www.fishbase.org, version (02/2010). Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist
of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes),
and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa
1418:1-628. Kano Y, Adnan MSB, Grudpan C, Grudpan J, Magtoon
W, Musikasinthorn P, Natori Y, Ottomanski S, Praxaysonbath
B, Phongsa K, Rangsiruji A, Shibukawa K, Shimatani
Y, So N, Suvarnaraksha A, Thach P, Thanh PN, Tran
DD, Utsugi K, Yamashita T (2013) An online
database on freshwater fish diversity and distribution
in Mainland Southeast Asia. Ichthyological Research