Similar to Sturisomatichthys
festivusbut has shorter fins without the long extensions,
and the body is somewhat slimmer. The work carried
out by Covain et.al. 2016 confines the Sturisoma
genera to west of the Andes (cis-Andean), and the
Sturisomatichthys genera restricted to the
east of the Andes (trans-Andean). Reproduction:
As per this genus will lay eggs usually on the tank
walls and the male will guard and fan the eggs.The eggs will hatch between 7 to 9 days and
the youngsters will eat Artemia, minced lettuce
and mashed peas. Aquarium Care: Large
planted aquarium with non aggressive tank mates. Regular
water changes must be adhered to, to keep this animal
in good health. Sexual Differences:
Mature males will grow odontodes along the sides of
the head and rostrum (snout). Diet:
Mostly vegetarian with cucumber, spinach, and algae
wafers. Meaty foods such as frozen blood worms and
live foods such as white worms and brine shrimp can
be fed sporadically.Remarks:
Still found on some online sources as S. panamense.
Royal Twig Catfish
Loricaria panamensis, Sturisoma
Pacific slope rivers of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama.
Caribbean slope rivers of Colombia. Type locality:
Covain, R., S. Fisch-Muller,
C. Oliveira, J.H. Mol, J.I. Montoya-Burgos and S.
Dray, 2015. Molecular phylogeny of the highly
diversified catfish subfamily Loricariinae (Siluriformes,
Loricariidae) reveals incongruences with morphological
classification. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 94:492-517.
Evers, H.-G. & I.Seidel:
Mergus, Baensch Catfish Atlas Volume 1, 1st English
edn., 2005. Pp.944. Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist
of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes),
and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa
1418:1-628. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2017. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, ( 10/2017 ). Grant, S. Whiptail Catfish on the
Move. Practical Fishkeeping (UK) May 2016.