One of the Synodontis
species that has been hormone bred in eastern Europe.
A mainstay of the genus in the hobby and has proved
to be a long lived species (23 years for one of my
individuals). Easy to identify as adult with its long
fringed dorsal fin. Juveniles can be very different
with mostly a marbled pattern to body. Description:
Dorsal spines (total): 1; Anal spines: 0. Diagnosis:
gill slits not extending ventrally beyond pectoral-fin
insertions; eye large, its diameter 23-34.5% of head
length and 48-75% of snout length; post-orbital length
at least 60% of snout length; maxillary barbels unbranched,
longer than head, without tubercles and bordered by
a rather broad basal membrane restricted to their
anterior thirds; outer mandibular barbels with simple,
thin and rather long ramifications; branches of inner
mandibular barbels shorter, subdivided and tuberculate;
mandibular teeth slender and moderately long, numbering
39-62 (62 in the holotype); denticulations of pectoral-fin
spines weak on outer margin and well developed on
inner margin; dorsal-fin spine smooth anteriorly,
except for a few apical denticles; humeral process
triangular and not keeled ventrally; adipose fin well
developed and rather close to rayed dorsal fin; branched
dorsal-fin rays as well as dorsal and pectoral-fin
spines prolonged into filaments; spots present on
body and fins. Colouration: Body
more or less dark brown. Back, sides, head and fins
with few isolated small spots; depending on individuals,
spots on fins more or less aligned in series; maxillary
barbels (including membranes) black; fin filaments
darker than fins themselves. Reproduction:
Oviparous. Distinct pairing during breeding. Aquarium
Care: Can sometimes be quarrelsome depending
on the individual fish so would be better in a larger
tank with other fish such as larger barbs and tetras
such as the "Congo Tetra". Will try and
establish itself as the boss of the tank, then once
the hierarchy is sorted out things should settle down.
Make sure there are plenty of hiding places for this
fish so it does not feel under threat from the other
adults will eat a wide variety of foods and that is
the key to keeping Syno's fit and healthy, a wide
varied diet. They will take flake, tablet food, prawns,
shrimps, frozen bloodworm and vegetable foods such
as cucumber and courgette.
White Nile, Chad, Volta and Niger basins including
the Bénoué. Type locality:
Mouth of Lake No, White Nile.
1986. Mochokidae. p. 105-152. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse
and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list
of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB,
Brussels, MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol.
2. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2021. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, ( 02/2021 ). ScotCat
16. October 1997. Seegers, L. 2008 The catfishes of
Africa. A handbook for identification and maintenance.
Aqualog Verlag A.C.S. GmbH, Germany. 604 p.