Conspicuous by the yellow/pale orange fins. Dorsal
spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6; Anal
soft rays: 12 - 13; Vertebrae: 42 - 43. Can be differentiated
from its congeners in the combination of following
characters: skin heavily keratinized, cranium and
interneural covered with numerous large, elongate
tubercles, supraoccipital and interneural without
sharp ridges, skin above neural spines anterior and
posterior to adipose fin never forming distinct ridges,
slender elongate neural spines, elliptical eyes, body
depth at anus 11.0-12.3 %SL, head width 20.3-21.7
%SL, snout length 51.4-54.7 %HL, eye diameter 4.1-8.1
%HL; 12-13 pectoral-fin rays; caudal fin with 8-9
rays; 23-24 preanal vertebrae; adipose fin with short
base and angular dorsal margin. Adipose origin in
front or above anal fin origin; longitudinal diameter
of eye 12-24 times in HL. Colouration:
Dark yellow on dorsal and lateral surfaces of head
and body, fading to light yellow on ventral region;
dorsal surfaces of head and body with three darkly
pigmented (brown) bands or blotches; a few small brown
spots irregularly distributed throughout lighter parts
of body; light yellow fins with a variable pattern
of small brown spots distributed irregularly, orange
fins in life. Aquarium Care: This
really is a fish destined to live a solitary life
due to the fact that it would eat just about any other
occupant that it could fit inside its mouth. Provide
good filtration and water movement in order to keep
this fish in optimum condition. Regular 25% water
changes are also appreciated by this catfish, and
carry these changes out weekly and certainly no longer
than fortnightly. Diet: This truly
is a demon amongst the fish world, requiring meaty
foods at all times. In the wild this fish would predate
upon smaller fishes, but in an aquarium it can be
persuaded to feed upon cockles, mussels, whole prawns,
dead fish and earthworms. Remarks:
There are now five Bagarius species described.
The "Devil Catfish" Bagarius bagarius
from the Indian subcontinent. The "Dwarf Goonch"
B. vegrandis is found in Chao Phraya and
the Mekong. The "Flat head Goonch" B.
Suchus is found in Chao Phraya and the Mekong.
The Giant B. lica is found in every basin
except Salween. B. rutilis from Vietnam,
and the undescribed species B. sp. salween
which is only found in Salween. B. yarrelli
is now a synonym of Bagarius bagarius.
Xam and Nam Ma basins in Laos and Red River (song
hong) basin in Viet Nam and Yunnan, China.
Ng, H.H. and M. Kottelat,
2000. Descriptions of three new species of catfishes
(Teleostei: Akysidae and Sisoridae) from Laos and
Vietnam. J. South Asian Nat. Hist. 5(1):7-15. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors.
2009. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
www.fishbase.org, version (01/2011). www.inaturalist.org