Named from the Latin
variola, meaning smallpox, spotted, in allusion to the
dark dots that cover all dorsal and ventral body surfaces.
A noun in apposition.
the Latin adjective velifer, meaning sail bearing (Latin
velum = sail and fero = to bear). The name refers to the
relatively elongate first dorsal-fin ray of this species,
a diagnostic character.
Lat. velites, plural
of veles, light armed troops of the Roman army, which
usually opened the fighting hurling javelins, retreating
among the ranks of heavy infantry as the struggle advanced.
An allusion to the relatively delicate complexion of the
The specific epithet, “velhomonge”, is a reference
to the Parnaíba River, commonly known as ‘Velho
Monge’ (Old Monk, in English). One of the versions
on the origin of this name portrays that a poet called
Costa e Silva gave the river the nickname “Velho
Monge” because, when seen from the city of Amarante,
the confluence of Canindé River with Parnaíba
River forms a landscape that, in profile, reminds the
silhouette of a monk and whose foam suggests its long
beard. A noun in apposition.
a vermiculate pattern.
Latin word for Wasp,
due to the colour markings.
Lake Victoria, East Africa.
The specific epithet
violaceus is a Latin word and means violet-colored, in
reference to the general violet body coloration of the
Corydoras was named in honour of Adolfo Schwartz's
From the Latin viridis,
meaning green, and refering to the colour of the fish.
name is used in reference to the relatively deep, robust
body and long fin spines of this species when compared
to many congeners.
Means 'of glass’,
in reference to the transparent appearance of this species.