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acanthomias Very spiny.
acanthoperca Latinized combination of the Greek 'acantha', meaning a thorn, and the Latin 'opercul', meaning a cover or lid, alluding to the distinctive opercular spines developed by mature males in this species
acre Named after Acre, the location where the fish was collected
acrensis From Acre, the state in Brazil where the species was found and L. -ensis, denoting place, locality, country.
acsi By the Planetary Biodiversity Inventory Program of the National Science Foundation
aculeatus With prickles, (referring to the spines on the pectoral fins.)
acus/tus Pointed; a neadle or spine.
acutirostre/is Pointed snout.
adolfoi Named in honour of Adolfo Schwartz.
adonis Handsome, after Adonis, beloved of Venus.
aeneus Bronze.
affinis Neighbouring; related.
adriaensi The specific name is patronymic in honor of Dr. Dominique Adriaens, who brought the existence of this species to the authors attention.
africanus From Africa.
afrofischeri In honour of Dr. G. A. Fischer.
agassizi In honour of Jean Louis Agassiz, the zoologist, born in Switzerland, (1807-1873).
ahli In honour of Dr. Ernest Ahl, born in Berlin in 1898, and reported missing in the Second World War.
akroa A reference to the Akroá indigenous people, inhabitants of lands from eastern Tocantins to southern Piauí until the XIX century (Apolinário, 2005). The Akroá lived along valleys on Serra Geral do Tocantins, a watershed divide between the right margin of Rio Tocantins and Rio Parnaíba upper valleys respectively. Their territory included the Rio Manuel Alves sub-basin of Rio Tocantins, distribution range of the new Tatia species (Tatia akroa). A noun in apposition.
aky aky (language: guaraní) = green
albater albus = white; ater = black
albivermus meaning; alba = white and vermis = worm, relating to the white to yellow lines on the body.
albofasciatus With white bands or stripes.
albolineatus With white spots.
alberti Probably named for Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria.
amandajanea This Corydoras is dedicated to Mrs. Amanda Jane Sands.
From Amapa, the state in Brazil where this Corydoras species was found and ensis = denoting place, locality, country.
amaxanthum The specific name refers to the distribution of the species in the Amazon basin and its relationship to the species Megalonema xanthum.
amazonicus From the Amazon river basin
ambiacus After the River Ambiacu, currently spelled Rio Ampiyacu.
Greek for amphi = around on both sides; belos = dart, arrow, bolt, sting, an allusion to the dorsal-and pectoral spines.
analis Referring to the anal fin in some way.
anamalai Named for the Anamalai hills of Kerela, India.
ananas From the generic name for the pineapple, Ananas (Bromeliaceae). The specific name ananas is an allusion to stout body and spiny appearance of species due to presence of additional row(s) of spines on lateral plates (Physopyxis ananas)
andersoni Named after Anderson.
Heavenly, devine, (young fish are unusually beautifully coloured.)
angolensis From Angola.
anguilla An eel.
anguilcauda With an eel-like tail.
anguillaris Like an eel.
anhaguapitan The specific name anhaguapitan, substantive in apposition, was obtained from a tupi legend. The legend recounts a confrontation between Anhaguapitã (the devil) and St. Peter, where the Saint would have turned dead birds by the devil in the rain and small stones, causing the Uruguay River.
anitae The specific name anitae, noun in the genitive, is given in honour of Anita Garibaldi, character of the Farroupilha Revolution
Connecting, joining, (probably means a connecting link between two species.)
annulatus Latin adjective meaning ringed, in reference to the caudal-peduncle band with a light inner region (Phenacorhamdia macarenensis)
ansorgei In honour of Dr. W.J. Ansorge, the English collector.
aor From the Bengali common name for this fish: "AYRE" for Sperata aor
apus From the Greek; a- meaning without and pous, meaning foot; in reference to the lack of any pelvic fins.
apogon Without a beard, (barbels.)
approuaguensis Named after the River Approuague, where it was collected.
aguaboensis Named for Água Boa, its type locality; an adjective.
araguaiaensis Named after the Rio Araguaia, where it was collected.
arcuatus Arched, like a bow, (referring to the stripe)
ardiladuartei The specific name is a tribute to the authors son, biologist Carlos Alfonso Ardila Duarte, with whom they collected this species (Astroblepus) in its type locality.
From Córrego (Portuguese, meaning creek) Areio, a river system in Brazil where the species was found.
arecuta Named from a Guaraní word arecutá, meaning loricariid fish.
argentea/us Coloured with silver.
Named after a cow-herd of Greek legend, who was supposed to have one hundred eyes scattered all over his body, ( a reference to the fishes spots.)
armatus Armed, armoured, alluding to the dorsal fin spine.
armbrusteri Patronym honoring Jonathan W. Armbruster, ichthyologist, Associate Professor, and Curator of Fishes at the Auburn University Museum Fish Collection, for his many contributions to the field of ichthyology, and to our understanding of the Loricariidae in particular. A noun in apposition. (Lujan et al 2010)
arnoldeye/i In honour of Johann Paul Arnold, born in Germany, 1869-1952.
asopos Derived from the greek river god "Asopos", given in reference to the widespread distribution of this fish throughout Amazonian drainages. (Mastiglanis asopos)
assamensis From its shark-like appearance, especially to the shape of the snout.
asterifrons aster = a star; frons = forehead.
asterophysa Specific name is derived from the Greek aster, meaning star, and physa, meaning bladder, alluding to the proliferation of diverticula along the periphery of the gas bladder which distinguishes Ossancora asterophysa from Ossancora eigenmanni. An adjective.
asurini The specific name “asurini” is a reference to the Asurini indigenous peoples who inhabit the right margin and median portions of rio Xingu, close to the
municipality of Altamira in Pará State, Brazil. A noun in apposition.
atahualpa In reference to Atahualpa who reigned from 1515 to 1533 as the last ruler of the Inca Empire that encompassed the region from which the population samples of this species originated.
ater Black.
atherinoides From the Greek "atherine", meaning smelt, and "oides", meaning having the form of, in reference to the passing resemblance to smelt.
atratus From the Latin atratus, meaning clothed in black, in reference to the dark colouration of this species in preservative (Gogo atratus).
atrizona With black bands or zones.
From the Latin atropersonatus = 'with a black mask' alluding to the mask across the eye.
auratus Overlaid with gold.
aureum Colour of gold.
aurita/us Eared.
aurofrenatus From the Latin aurum = ‘gold’ and frenatum = ‘bridled’
axelrodi In honour of Dr Herbert Richard Axelrod.
azpelicuetae The species is named azpelicuetae after Dr. María de las Mercedes Azpelicueta, in recognition of her prominent contributions to ichthyology, especially to the systematics of Argentinian fishes. She described numerous species and was essential to the formation of subsequent generations of freshwater fish systematists in Argentina. Amatronym in genitive case (Farlowella).


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